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小学新手英语教师自然拼读法教学观念和实践个案研究

发布时间:2022-11-11 18:51
  自然拼读法是美国、英国等以英语为母语国家的孩子们学习英语的一种教学方法,适用于学龄前或小学阶段的孩子。加之得到许多权威专家的认可,自然拼读法近几年来逐渐盛行于国内小学英语课堂。汉语和英语之间存在语言迁移现象。中国孩子在学习第二语言英语时,习惯借助汉语拼音的发音,而自然拼读法中的部分字母或字母组合与个别拼音发音相似或相同,但有些发音则完全不一样,对自然拼读法的教与学造成了一定影响。通过翻阅研究资料发现,大部分的研究关注学习自然拼读法对中小学学生的词汇、阅读等方面的效果,而对英语教师自身的教学观念和实践却缺少相关研究。笔者选择了公立小学的6名英语新手教师为研究对象,着重探讨以下几个问题:(1)小学英语新手教师对自然拼读法有哪些看法?(2)小学英语新手教师是怎样运用自然拼读法进行教学的?(3)在运用自然拼读法进行教学时,小学英语新手教师遇到了哪些困难?(4)影响小学英语新手教师运用自然拼读法进行教学的因素是什么?本文所运用的研究方法是半结构式访谈和非参与式课堂观察法。研究结果表明老师们主要从自然拼读法教学本身、教师、学生、教材、课程设置等方面谈论自己的观点,主要观点如下:(1)新手教师习惯性... 

【文章页数】:80 页

【学位级别】:硕士

【文章目录】:
摘要
Abstract
Chapter One Introduction
    1.1 The Background of the Study
    1.2 The Significance of the Study
    1.3 The Structure of the Study
Chapter Two Literature Review
    2.1 General Introduction to Phonics
        2.1.1 The Definition of Phonics
        2.1.2 Related Study of Phonics Abroad
        2.1.3 Related Study of Phonics at Home
    2.2 The General Concept of Phonetic Symbols
    2.3 The Contrast between the Phonetic Teaching and the Phonics Teaching
    2.4 Language Transfer Between English and Chinese
    2.5 General Introduction to Beliefs about Phonics Teaching
        2.5.1 Definition of Belief
        2.5.2 The Classification of Language Teachers’Beliefs
        2.5.3 Beliefs about Phonics Teaching
            2.5.3.1 Beliefs about Phonics Teaching from Perspective of EFL
            2.5.3.2 Beliefs about Phonics Teaching from Perspective of Learning and Learners
            2.5.3.3 Beliefs about Phonics Teaching from Perspective of Teaching and Teachers
        2.5.4 The Relationship between Beliefs and Practice
Chapter Three Methodology
    3.1 Research Questions
    3.2 Research Subjects
    3.3 Research Methods
        3.3.1 The Semi-structured Interview
        3.3.2 The Non-participant Classroom Observation
    3.4 Data Collection and Analysis
Chapter Four Results and Discussion
    4.1 Characteristics of Novice Teachers’Beliefs about Phonics Teaching
        4.1.1 Phonics as A More Effective Method to Teach English
        4.1.2 Phonics as An Assistant of Novice Teachers
        4.1.3 Phonics as A Way of Revealing the Nature of EFL
        4.1.4 The Nature of Phonics Teaching
    4.2 Characteristics of Novice Teachers’Beliefs and Their Practice of Phonics Teaching
        4.2.1 Consistency between Beliefs and Practice about Phonics Teaching
        4.2.2 Inconsistency between Beliefs and Practice about Phonics Teaching
    4.3 Difficulties in Applying Phonics Teaching
    4.4 Influencing Factors in Applying Phonics Teaching
Chapter Five Pedagogical Implications and Conclusion
    5.1 Summary of Research Findings
    5.2 Research Implications
    5.3 Research Limits
    5.4 Future Research Directions
Bibliography
Appendix
    Appendix Ⅰ
    Appendix Ⅱ
    Appendix Ⅲ
    Appendix Ⅳ
Acknowledgements


【参考文献】:
期刊论文
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[2]复杂视域下的外语教师观念与行为关系研究[J]. 郑鸿颖.  基础教育. 2015(02)
[3]复杂系统理论视域下的教师教学观念系统研究[J]. 郑鸿颖.  四川师范大学学报(社会科学版). 2013(01)
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[7]Phonics在小学英语课堂里应用的问题及对策[J]. 陈锡珍.  教师. 2010(03)
[8]Phonics教学法在小学英语教学中的运用[J]. 邝惠春.  成功(教育). 2009(03)
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硕士论文
[1]语音意识和阅读能力相关性实验研究[D]. 邱建华.西北师范大学 2003
[2]初中英语拼读入门教学实验研究[D]. 白云霞.西北师范大学 2002



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